Executive Summary of the Report on National Pilot Study : Learning Reform Schools for Developing Quality of Learners School-Based Management : Thai Ways and Methods The ONEC has been engaged in a National Pilot Study : Learning Reform Schools for Developing Quality of Learners as a R&D activity. The project is aimed at encouraging and providing support to educational institutions for adoption of whole-school reform approach. Recognizing that the learning reform, stipulated in Chapter IV of the 1999 National Education Act, is in fact at the heart of the education reform. It should logically begin in all schools through adoption of the learner-centred approach, which is the basis for internal quality assurance, regarded as an integral part of the continuous administrative process. Objectives of the Study 1) To identify essential competencies of school principals for meeting education reform requirements and to report on the outcomes of development of competency indicators; 2) To prepare a learning kit for school developing principals for essential competencies of the meeting the education reform requirements; 3) To study the outcomes of competency development through the school principals’ utilization of the learning kit; 4) To study the characteristics of the school principals’ management method before implementation of the Study; 5) To study the relationship between the outcomes of the school principals’ competency development and the characteristics of their management method, personnel development, learning process reform, action research, internal quality assurance and community development; 6. To study the SBM models for adoption by the pilot schools; 7. To study the feasibility of expanding the SBM; and 8. To submit policy recommendations on the SBM to the respective administrative authorities of the pilot schools, ONEC and ADB.